Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans (1848-1907) was a French novelist who under the name J.K. (Joris-Karl) Huysmans. He is best known for his novel À rebours (1884) which was translated into English as Against the Grain or Against Nature. His other works include Le drageoir aux épices (1874), Marthe (1876), Les Soeurs Vatard (1879), Sac au dos (1880), Croquis Parisiens (1880), En ménage (1881), Pierrot sceptique (1881, in collaboration with Léon Hennique), À vau-l’eau (1882), L’art moderne (1883), En rade (1887), Un Dilemme (1887), Certains (1889), La bièvre (1890), Là-bas (1891), En route (1895), La cathédrale (1898), La Bièvre et Saint-Séverin (1898), La magie en Poitou. Gilles de Rais (1899), Sainte Lydwine de Schiedam (1901), De Tout (1902).
He was alone in his compartment; a blurred, murky landscape, looking as if seen through the dirty water of an aquarium, whirled past the flying, rain-splashed train. Buried in his thoughts, Des Esseintes closed his eyes.