Iftikhar Malik, a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, is Professor of International History at Bath Spa University, Bath. He has been a Quaid-i-Azam Fellow at St. Antony’s College, Oxford (1989-94), and a member of the Wolfson College, Oxford (since 2004). He has published 16 books, several chapters, 75 scholarly papers and more than 230 review articles. Some of his recent volumes include:Pashtun Identity and Geopolitics in Southwest Asia: Pakistan and Afghanistan since 9/11 (London: Anthem, 2016); Pakistan: Democracy, Terror and the Building of a Nation, (London: New Holland Publishers, 2010); Crescent Between Cross and Star: Muslims and the West after 9/11, (Oxford University Press, 2006); Jihad, Hindutva and the Taliban: South Asia at the Crossroads, (Oxford University Press, 2005); Islam and Modernity: Muslims in Western Europe and the United States, (London, Pluto, 2004); and, Islam, Globalisation and Modernity: The Tragedy of Bosnia, (Lahore: Vanguard, 2004). Malik has been a visiting faculty at the universities in Barcelona, Berkeley, New York, Brussels, Athens, Helsinki and Koblenz.